Understanding the gifted student

Here is a snapshot of the needs of gifted and talented students from the Australian Curriculum and Assessment Reporting Authority (ACARA).

Up to 10% of the students in a class are gifted and talented.

Up to 5% of gifted students have a corresponding learning disability.

Gifted students do not always excel at school. They are not necessarily high achievers.

Giftedness does not automatically guarantee a student's future success.

Many gifted and talented students are perfectionists. They may work on a task until it is completed to their satisfaction. Or, they may not want to start a task that they cannot perfect.

Giftedness may be physical, intellectual, creative, social or perceptual.

The skills and abilities of gifted children may develop at different rates across the social and academic domains. This means that they may excel in one area but not in another - but they still need to be extended in the area they excel in.

Adjustments include:

- faster pace (acceleration, compacting)

- greater breadth (enrichment)

- more depth (extension).

What can educators do?

  1. Work with families. Families know their children incredibly well and have great insights into what they need at school. Trusting and working closely with families helps gifted students thrive.

  2. Be willing to differentiate and learn to adapt to the needs of the child.

  3. Read some of our articles and resources listed below, including ideas for extension. The articles and resources listed in our section for families might be of interest too.

  4. Become a member and use our library. We have excellent resources in our library that may help you adapt for children in your classroom.

  5. Come to our talks and events. We love talking to educators and supporting you on your journey too. We run seminars and information sessions to help educators as well as families.

  6. Tell families about us! We’re here to help. We provide peer support to parents and help gifted kids meet like-minded peers.

Helpful articles and resources

Resources for extension

We've listed some helpful websites where you can find great extension activities for the gifted student.

Please also see the Victorian Challenge and Enrichment Series for more great ideas.

English and LOTE


Set students time-limited challenges to build structures in Minecraft based on 1-2 word themes. Then everyone votes on their favourite.


Information Technology

  • Minecraft, redstone building - get your students to create these builds (Uses Boolean Algebra and basic Electrical Engineering):

ilmango’s redstone basics playlist

Mumbo Jumbo’s redstone videos